HEALTHY LIFESTYLE


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Doctora Dayana J. paso su examen OET con promedio mas alto A, examen medico para trabajar en Australia

Le damos muchas felicitaciones a nuestros estudiantes sobresalientes del 2016  –  2017: Ismael Quiroga IELTS 7.5p, Diego Perez TOEFL 115p, Dayana Jurado OET A,  Catherine Aliaga GRE 720p, todos se prepararon con cursos individuales con 

nuestra profesora australiana Cynthia. 

HEALTH stds

DAYANA medico peruana se preparó en nuestro programa PERSONAL Intensivo para el  OET por 4 meses, 4 veces por semana, 3 horas clases. Al inicio, nos contactó con la

premisa de desear unirse a su hermana en Melbourne,Australia pero queriendo aplicar a la visa de residencia desde Peru. Principal obstáculo es pasar los exámenes de suficiencia en inglés, OET y MCQ. Buscando arduamente en internet por varios meses, nos encontró y llamo

para luego tener una entrevista e inmediatamente iniciar su curso para OET por 4 meses

Oscar WRITTEN       DIEGO foto1

Luego continuo por 4 meses más su curso preparatorio para el examen MCQ de

conocimientos médicos, donde también Cynthia fue su profesora, ya que ella cuenta con conocimientos previos de salud. Luego

viajo a Brasil para dar su examen.

Angelica OET        Catherine GMAT

One to One International también pudo apoyar a Dayana en proceso de homologación médica, obtención de licencia médica australiana, obtención de patrocinio, opciones

laborales, selección de mejor ciudad para vivir y aplicación a internado. Muchas

felicidades Dayana, gracias a tu perseverancia, esfuerzo y dedicación pudiste lograr tus

objetivos.

Aqui VIDEO de clase OET y entrevista de Dayana donde nos comenta su historia y tips para este examen,  https://youtu.be/3Aa7E_J_NSc

         Dayana MCQ         Dayana OET

Somos una organización con mas de 10 años de experiencia y prestigio que cuenta con

convenios internacionales con agentes reclutadores, estudiantiles, migratorios y de relocación al extranjero. Les

ofrecemos cursos Individuales preparatorios para exámenes internacionales, análisis personal de oportunidades,

procesos de convalidación, homologación, licencia profesional, patrocinio. Traducciones oficiales, legalizaciones, llenado – presentacion de formularios, aplicación a universidades, posgrados, becas, maestrias,

residentados, orientación a opciones laborales, reserva de servicios antes/después de

viajar para una facil adaptación, recepción en aeropuerto, acompañamiento primeros

dias/pasos con personal de habla hispana para hacer su proceso seguro, rápido, no

estresante y evitar demoras, fracasos.

Si desea tomar nuestros servicios, saber mas o recibir nuestra Newsletter mensual con

actualizaciones y trabajos. Envienos sus datos completos y correo a mkt@onetooneperu.org con la palabra “Añadame a su DB newsletter”.

Chloe

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Obesity rate higher in Australia than US / Australia tiene el mayor ranking de Obesidad más que Estados Unidos en 2011

AUSTRALIA has the most rapidly growing obesity rate among developed nations, according to an international study called “Australia’s Future Fat Bomb, “released on Thursday (June) 2011: Australia has more obese people than the US; the Australia’s health system is facing a “Fat bomb” unless action is taken. The report from “the Baker Heart Institute” found that 70% of men & 60% of women aged 45 to 65 had a body mass index of 25 or more, meaning they were overweight or obese.

This study compiled the results of height and weight checks carried out on 14,000 adult Australians in 2005. The institute’s head of preventative cardiology professor Simon Stewart said, this result meant Australia probably had the highest rate of obesity in the world, outweighing even the USA. “As we send our athletes off to the Olympics let’s reflect on the fact that we would win the gold medal problem now in the world fat Olympics if there was such a thing,” he said. Stewart said obesity was the major threat to Australia’s future health, with an estimated 9 million of the 21 million obese or overweight, that is a whole million more obese adults than we had thought. The study also predict there would be an extra 700,000 heart-related hospital admissions in the next 20 years due to obesity and almost 125,000 people would die because of the condition in that period.

The Organization for Economic Co-operation & Development report found obesity rates in Australia had been increasing faster than any other advanced nation for the past 20 years.The report, which analyzed 33 countries found one in 2 people were overweight in Australia and the proportion was expected to rise a further 15%in the next 10 years. By contrast, 3 out of 10 people in Japan, South Korea & Switzerland were overweight or obese and less than 1 in 10 was obese. To read more about this article, here the link: http://www.news.com.au/national/australias-obesity-rates-out-of-control/story-e6frfkvr-1225929170271

OBESITY IN THE WORLD TODAY = For thousands of years obesity was rarely seen. It was not until the 20th century that it became common, so much so that in 1997 the World Health Organization formally recognized obesity as a global epidemic.

  • In 2005 WHO estimates at least 400 million adults (9.8%) are obese in the world, with higher rates among women than men.
  • In 2008, WHO claimed that 1.5 billion individuals over the age of 20 are considered obese? The rate of obesity also increases with age at least up to 50 or 60 years old.
  • Once considered a problem only of high-income countries, obesity rates are rising worldwide.
  • These increases have been felt most dramatically in urban settings.
BUT WHAT’S OBESITY?  Obesity means having too much body fat. It is different from being overweight, which means weighing too much. The weight may come from muscle, bone, fat and/or body water. Both terms mean that a person’s weight is greater than what’s considered healthy for his or her height. Obesity occurs over time when you eat more calories than you use. The balance between calories-in and calories-out differs for each person. Factors that might tip the balance include your genetic makeup, overeating, eating high-fat foods and not being physically active.

OBESITY RATES IN PERU = In Peru, obesity affects at 26% of males and at 24% of women, and a greater prevalence in the populations has been observed of Piura (36.7%), Lima (22.8%), Huaraz (18.3%) & Tarapoto (17%). Obesity is a problem of Public Health that affects developed and developing countries, whose etiology includes genetic factors and of way of life (diet and physical activity). The study of the prevalence in different strata and Latin-American countries’ location oscillate among the 22 to 26% in Brazil, 21% in Mexico, 10% in the Equator, 3 to 22% in Peru, 22 to 35% in Paraguay and 24 to 27% in Argentina.

In a recent study by the Institute of Nutritional Investigation (IIN), 1 out of every 5 children in Lima and Callao are obese. Officials surveyed 1,766 students between grades 6th and 8th from 80 public and private schools throughout Lima and Callao. The report found that obesity rates were higher among private school children, who were found to perform less physical activity than public school kids. Officials concluded that 2 out of 3 obese students attended private school. “Only 1 out of 100 kids reached a good level of physical fitness, only 50% carry out very little exercise during the day and girls are exercising less than boys. Private school kids have less physical activity and present a greater number of child obesity cases,” said María Liria of IIN. Public school kids tend to walk more and concentrate more time in recreational play unlike private school kids. Families with a higher level of income tend to have kids who perform a less amount of physical activity. Dr. Arturo Villena insists that parents steer their kids away from inactive activities such as watching television and surfing the Internet. Naturally, eating healthy is also a good way to curb obesity in children, feeding them less carbohydrates and more fiber, fruits and water.

PEOPLE HAS TWO DIFFERENT BODY FAT = The distribution of your body fat also plays a role in determining your risk of obesity-related health problems. There are at least 2 different kinds of body fat.

  • Excess body fat distributed around the waist (“apple”-shaped figure, intra-abdominal fat) carries more risk.
  • Excess fat distributed on the hips and thighs (“pear”-shaped figure, fat under the skin).

DISADVANTAGES OF BEING OBESE

1)     Goals are harder or impossible to accomplish = Obese people depending on what they desire, have a much tougher time when it comes to achieving success. Obesity plays a big enough factor to undermine progress. Let’s say for example that an obese guy named Mr. X wants to pursue a career in a sport such as football (soccer). Mr. X wants some action on the field to play a part in a team and try to win some games.

2)     Social Problems = One of the major disadvantages is generally looked down upon, made fun of or scorned by many in society. They’re usually the subject of “Fat jokes” from those who seem to forget that they are human beings with feelings. Relationships can be pretty shaky for an obese person who’s partner doesn’t really find them desirable anymore and wants out.

3)     Sexual Issues = Many studies have shown there is a relation between obesity and sexual ineptitude. It’s common for obese individuals of both sexes to suffer from lack of sexual enjoyment, performance or desire.

4) The Feeling of Depression = At this point they’re very aware of the many disadvantages of obesity plaguing them. They know how they look, the prejudice they have to endure, their serious medical conditions associated with their weight, and that they can’t accomplish certain goals. It’s very frustrating and stressful for them.

5) Health Deterioration = Health hazards linked are innumerable and the more obese you are, the harsher they are. These include type 2 diabetes, hypertension, pregnancy issues, breathing issues, sleeping disorder, heart problems, stroke risks, abnormal cholesterol levels, movement problems not to mentioning the risk of contracting several types of cancer.

LINKS WITH TIPS ABOUT EXERCISING TO AVOID OBESITY

        ExerciseandObesity.html            fitness-exercise        

WHAT ARE THE CURRENT CAUSES OF OBESITY

1)     Genes = Obesity tends to run in families both by genes, diet and lifestyle habits. Having obese relatives does not guarantee that you will be obese.

2)     Emotions = some people overeat because of depression, hopelessness, anger, boredom, and many other reasons. This doesn’t mean that overweight and obese people have more emotional problems than other people. It just means that their feelings influence their eating habits, causing them to overeat. In some unusual cases, obesity may be used as a defense mechanism because of the perceived social pressures related to being more physically desirable, particularly in young girls.

3)     Environmental factors = the most important is lifestyle, eating habits and activity level are partly learned from the people around you. Overeating and sedentary habits (inactivity) are the most important risk factors for obesity.

4)     Sex =Men have more muscle than women, on average. Because muscle burns more calories than other types of tissue, men use more calories than women, even at rest. Thus, women are more likely than men to gain weight with the same calorie intake.

5)     Age = People tend to lose muscle and gain fat as they aged. Their metabolism also slows somewhat. Both of these lower their calorie requirements.

6)     Pregnancy = Women tend to weigh an average of 4-6 pounds more after a pregnancy than they did before the pregnancy. This can compound with each pregnancy.

IS NURTURE TRUMPING NATURE? Obesity has been one of the fastest growing health concerns among children, particularly among disadvantaged children.  Obesity rates have tripled from 5% in the early 1970s to about 15% by the early 2000s. For disadvantaged children, obesity rates are closer to 20%.  Over the same period, adult obesity rates have grown, and we expect parental obesity to be closely tied to children’s obesity. Thus, examining changes in the parent-child correlation in BMI should give us some insight:

  • Elasticity between mothers’ and children’s BMI has increased since the 1970s, suggesting that shared genetic-environmental factors have become more important in determining obesity.
  • Despite the faster weight gain for the disadvantaged, there appears to be no clear difference for by disadvantaged group in either the parent-child elasticity or in identifiable environmental factors.
  • On average, the increases in parents’ BMI between the early 1970s and the early 2000s can explain about 37 percent of the increase in children’s BMI.
  • Although common environmental/genetic factors play a larger role now than in earlier time periods, child specific environments such as schools and day care play a potentially important role in determining children’s health status.
HOW TO PREVENT OBESITY IN ANY AGE

1)     Decrease your daily calorie intake by 500 calories or expending an extra 500 calories during exercise each day, you will lose about 1 pound per week.

2)     Any good diet plan will include exercisehelps to increase metabolism and is one less opportunity to eat during the day.

3)     You should exercise for at least 30 minutes, 5 times a week. Regular exercise also helps your heart and lungs and lowers triglyceride levels that can cause heart disease. It also increases the HDL (“good cholesterol”) levels. Even simple exercises such as taking the stairs instead of the elevator and short walks eventually add up to a lot of calories burned.

4)     Group support programs provide peer support and promote healthy habits.

5)     Eating less in a long term means learning to think about your eating habits and patterns. Having some insight into your overeating habits helps you to avoid your problem situations and reach your weight goal.

6)     Increasing your activity level is largely a matter of changing your attitude. You don’t have to be a marathon runner. Look for ways to increase your activity level doing things you enjoy.

Living a sustainable lifestyle to avoid Obesity can mean a lot of different things. The general meaning of this concept is to be pretty much concerned with the future results and effects of today’s decisions. You have to feel a sense of responsibility towards the entire societal concerns.

  • If you are living in a city, you might just try to ride public vehicles like buses and taxis. Using the bus, train and subway can greatly reduce carbon emissions you would produce had you chosen to drive yourself around in a car.
  • You might also find ways of joining some workmates or students going to the same place so everyone can save on gas and can help the environment. Everybody can actually contribute to the overall welfare of our society.
  • For a better idea to save waste on carbon energy, it is better to walk short distances.
  • To go to a place a little far for you to do walking, you might as well do biking.
  • It is also the best thing to contribute to environmental concerns by recycling recyclable materials.

ADVANTAGES OF A PERUVIAN ORGANIC DIET

  • Eating native fruits and vegetables like passion fruit, banana, aguaje, noni, camu camu, lucuma, etc. are easy to process and full of nutrients, totally GREEN ORGANIC without artificial flavorings, colorings or preservatives.
  • Eating Peruvian vegetables, nuts and seeds like raisins, flax, sauco, cacao, gooseberry, tarwi, etc. can give to your body the perfect amount of fiber, iron, calcium, and vitamin C, A & E. When you eat them, you will notice that your body expends less energy digesting food.
  • The complete nutrients and antioxidants found in organic food along with a cleaner, healthier body, means smoother, clearer skin, strong nails, teeth, and more lustrous hair. If you have problems with brittle nails, low tooth enamel, acne, or dull, dry or oily hair, a more natural diet can help you.
  • Introducing daily in your diet native sustainable produced products like kaniwa, quinoa, maca, quiwicha, sancha inchi, huacatay, etc. to give you nutritional supplements and fibers.
  • Our fabulous and healthy natural organic herbs good to prevent illnesses and lose weight like una de gato, amashilca, sangre de grado, chanca piedra, tara, artiga, matico, etc.
  • Don’t forget our organic natural rich in energy products like honey, germen de trigo, fish, etc.

Read more articles about the greatness of the organic Peruvian food:

http://www.goodeater.org/2010/05/24/tastesofperu/                 http://archive.livinginperu.com/blogs/business/417

RECOMMENDED EXERCISE ROUTINE TO AVOID OBESITY = Some of the best forms of exercises for avoiding obesity include:

  1. Aerobics,
  2. Cardio like long walking and jogging,
  3. Swimming with kids and friends ensures lose weight without injuring muscles,
  4. Aqua aerobics,
  5. Weight Training,
  6. Yoga,
  7. Pilates,
  8. Stretching.
  9. Climbing stairs instead of taking the elevator

These exercises can be done in combination or can also be performed separately for losing weight and maintaining a healthier lifestyle. The recommendations for daily exercise are at least 30 minutes, 4 to 5 days per week. You can also piece together your exercise in increments of as little as 10 minutes at a time. This helps if you don’t have 30 minutes of uninterrupted time to complete your routine.

  • To begin walk slowly, just 10 minutes at 3 miles per hour on my treadmill in your house, office.
  • Jog to lose weight quickly
  • Smaller weights helps you to increase your daily activity
  • Start your weight loss exercise program by checking with your medical professional
  • Preventing boredom from exercise can be easy by changing your routine frequently. Suggestions to keep your activities new include dancing to the radio, using a bike or walking outside when the weather is nice. The important thing is to keep moving for a total of at least 30 minutes daily, four or five times per week.
  • Motivation can be achieved in many ways. Suggestions include exercising with a buddy, signing up for a class and logging your activity. You can even compare yourself to others in your specific age and activity group, both nationally and in your state.
  • When you combine exercise and obesity, the best way to prevent injury is to start slow. You should always warm up and cool down for best results. Follow the advice of your doctor for any exercises you should avoid.
  • Keeping exercising during travels, one suggestion is to find hotels with fitness centers. I call ahead or check online to make sure the hotel has a treadmill. Another suggestion is to find a hotel near a local walking trail or state park.
ORGANIC HEALTHY RECIPES

1. Microwave Apple Cinnamon Oatmeal = This hearty breakfast dish is packed with cholesterol-lowering soluble fiber. Leaving the apple skin on contributes even more fiber. Most of the fat is a healthy monounsaturated fat from the nuts.

Ingredients

  • 1 apple, preferably McIntosh, cored and coarsely chopped
  • 1 cup rolled oats
  • 1/4 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • Pinch kosher salt
  • 2 cups water
  • 2 tablespoons pure maple syrup
  • 1/4 cup toasted pecans

Directions = Combine the apple, oats, cinnamon, and salt in large microwave-safe bowl water, and stir in the water. Cover and seal with plastic wrap or a tight fitting lid and heat in the microwave on high until apples are soft and most of the liquid is absorbed, about 8 minutes. Stir in the maple syrup. Divide between 2 bowls and top with the nuts. Serve immediately.

2. Quinoa Pudding

Ingredients

  • 1 cup quinoa
  • 2 cups water
  • 2 cups Apple juice
  • 1 cup raisins
  • 2 tablespoons lemon juice
  • 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon, or to taste
  • Salt to taste
  • 2 teaspoons vanilla extract

Directions = Place quinoa in a sieve and rinse thoroughly. Allow to drain, then place quinoa in a medium saucepan with water. Bring to a boil over high heat. Cover pan with lid, lower heat, and allow to simmer until all water is absorbed and quinoa is tender, about 15 minutes. Mix in apple juice, raisins, lemon juice, cinnamon, and salt. Cover pan and allow simmering for 15 minutes longer. Stir in vanilla extract. Serve warm.

So keep working out, stay healthy and if you need a body for support, motivate, go ahead, send us your successful and struggling comments to share this common path. Alternatively if you’re serious about changing your lifestyle for good, email us to mkt@onetooneperu.org, we’re organizing in Lima a support group to jog, keep exercising, dance, talk and eat healthy with friends, together we’re stronger….Webmaster!!

Así que sigan trabajando, mantente saludable y si usted un apoyo para motivarte, seguir adelante, envíanos tus comentarios buenos y malos para compartir con otros este camino tan común. Alternativamente, si eres serio en cambiar tu estilo de vida para bien, envíanos un correo electrónico a mkt@onetooneperu.org, estamos organizando en Lima un grupo de apoyo para correr, hacer ejercicio, bailar, hablar y comer sano, juntos somos más fuertes…… Webmaster!


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PRACTICA INGLES CON ONE TO ONE PERU – ECO NEWS & INVENTIONS 2011 / NOTICIAS E INVENCIONES ECOLOGICAS 2011

PUT A GREEN IN YOUR DIET – Raising animals for food contributes substantially to global warming  And is responsible for more water pollution, topsoil depletion, deforestation, and wildlife destruction than any other human activity. Senior U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization official Henning Steinfeld reported that the meat industry is “one of the most significant contributors to today’s most serious environmental problems.”  Additionally, raising and feeding farmed animals wastes crops that could be fed to humans, furthering global malnourishment and starvation. Fortunately, making vegan choices allows us to begin tackling these complex problems, while improving our personal health and reducing our contribution to animal exploitation.

 Numerous studies indicate that switching to a vegan diet can cut out 90% of the total emissions your eating habits contribute to global warming, while,  according to data by University of Pittsburg, the average American diet to all-local foods will only reduce this number by 4%! An effective long-term solution to these multiple global crises must include a transition to plant-based diets of vegetables, fruits, legumes, and grains.  So what you’re waiting for, cut proteins and add more green daily in your diet, be ECO-RESPONSIBLE!

DOWN WITH PLASTIC – Ban disposable water bottles new Eco invention

 And encourage reusables by offering mobile refillable stations such as Water on Wheels company. Ideal for festivals and outdoor events, the tented, fully staffed WOWs hook up to an exsiting water main to help keep guests hydrated. The popular four-spout model handily quenches the thirst of 5,000 people refilling their water containers over a 12-hour period. Arrange for biodegradable drinking cups or sale/giveaway of reusable event-branded canteens. Water On Wheels mobile units encourage reusable bottle refills.

A solution to reverse Africa’s growing deserts – Groasis, an ingenious passive ‘water incubator’ collects dew drops, making reforestation in barren lands possible.

 The most sophisticated “green” technology on the planet is the humble tree. Trees sequester carbon, fix nitrogen into the soil, create organic compost, prevent erosion and encourage rain, while providing sustainable crops, shape, lumber and even fuel. The single most important activity on the planet (I believe) is planting trees, but there is a problem.  Reforestation efforts in denuded lands such as Africa, Mexico, India and China have never been taken seriously as a means to abate climate change because young saplings are very difficult to establish. They take a lot of water and require regular maintenance — two things that are in scarce supply in precisely the regions where they are needed most. But what if there were a device that eliminated those risks? The Groasis Waterboxx. This simple passive water-harvesting device takes advantage of one attribute that most deserts have — a major temperature differential between night and day.

 Dew is created at night when the tiny amount of moisture in the air condenses on semi-permeable surfaces like leaves. As soon as the sun rises, the dew quickly burns off and returns back to the air. But the ingenious little Waterboxx channels the dew to a collection tank where it helps the young roots of a sapling get established.  Eventually the roots become strong enough to seek their own water deep underground. Pieter Hoff, the Dutch inventor of the Waterboxx, recently completed a study in a desert in Morocco. The results were astonishing. With next to no care whatsoever, 100 percent of the trees in a Groasis Waterboxx survived, and nearly 90 percent were thriving. Contrast that with a standard tree-planting effort in which only 10 percent of the trees survived. Likened to a “water battery,” the Waterboxx is a passive drip irrigation system, slowly wicking a trickle of the water it collects into the tree’s fledgling root system.

Bolivia Set to pass Historic ‘Law of Mother Earth’ Which Will
Grant Nature Equal Rights to Humans

 With the cooperation of politicians and grassroots organizations, Bolivia is set to pass the Law of Mother Earth which will grant nature the same rights and protections as humans. The piece of legislation, called la Ley de Derechos de la Madre Tierra, is intended to encourage a radical shift in conservation attitudes and actions, to enforce new control measures on industry, and to reduce environmental destruction. The law redefines natural resources as blessings and confers the same rights to nature as to human beings, including: the right to life and to exist; the right to continue vital cycles and processes free from human alteration; the right to pure water and clean air; the right to balance; the right not to be polluted; and the right to not have cellular structure modified or genetically altered. Perhaps the most controversial point is the right “to not be affected by mega-infrastructure and development projects that affect the balance of ecosystems and the local inhabitant communities”.

In late 2005 Bolivia elected its first indigenous president, Evo Morales, an outspoken champion for environmental protection, petitioning for substantive change within his country and at the United Nations. Bolivia, one of South America’s poorest countries, has long had to contend with the consequences of destructive industrial practices and climate change, but despite the best efforts of Morales and members of his administration, their concerns have largely been ignored at the UN.  Just last year, in 2010, Bolivian Foreign Minister David Choquehuanca expressed his distress“about the inadequacy of the greenhouse gas reduction commitments made by developed countries in the Copenhagen Accord.” An increase of temperature of more than one degree above pre-industrial levels would result in the disappearance of our glaciers in the Andes, and the flooding of various islands and coastal zones.”

Bolivia’s successes or failures with implementation may well inform the policies of countries around the world. “It’s going to have huge resonance around the world,” said Canadian activist Maude Barlow. “It’s going to start first with these southern countries trying to protect their land and their people from exploitation, but I think it will be grabbed onto by communities in our countries, for example, fighting the tarsands in Alberta.”  Ecuador has enshrined similar aims in its Constitution, and is among the countries that have already shown support for the Bolivian initiative. Other include Nicaragua, Venezuela, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Antigua and Barbuda – BUENA EVO, WE APLAUDE YOU………READ MORE AND LEAVE US YOUR VALUABLE COMMENTS HERE OR BY CLICKING IN THE FOLLOWING LINK:  www.onetooneperu.org 


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Green Inspiration


Eco alert: Several “Save The Earth” events are just ahead – Earth Month, Earth Day, Earth Hour, even a Bottle-free Water Day. How are you celebrating? More importantly, what are you doing as an event professional to reduce our industry’s carbon footprint and promote earth-friendly living throughout the year?

TSEvents did some environmental soul searching and discovered the following green event services and ideas:
Walk The Talk

Walk T.O., a new company headed by a teacher and an environmental journalist, takes an event’s eco-learning outside into some of the city’s most notable green-friendly spaces. Among its unique “carbon neutral” tour offerings is a Toronto the Green perspective. The guided stroll ponders the excellent and not-so hot of our city’s urban green efforts. Add an eco-smart scavenger hunt for hands-on interactivity. Stay tuned for expanded tours this spring including a focus on sustainable food options and green roofs.


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Huaralinos en Japón se encuentran a salvo tras el terremoto


Saúl Orihuela peruano procedente de Huaral, que vive actualmente en Nagoya Japón, narró detalles sobre el tsunami e incluso, refirió que la catástrofe estaba pronosticada e inclusive, decían que iba a desaparecer Tokio, indicó que el alcalde de Nagoya informó que no hay ningún huaralino o latino en esa ciudad.

Añadió que el temblor tuvo tres etapas, de las cuales la segunda; fue de mayor duración y la más perjudicial, este terremoto lo tomó en su nuevo trabajo en una planta de la automotriz Toyota, invocó a las familias de Palpa, Caqui, Torreblanca, Esquivel y alrededores de Chancay y Huaral, a mantener la calma, porque todos nuestros compatriotas que viven en Nagoya Japón están bien.

Igualmente Solange que vive en la localidad de Shiba en Shuoko, nos cuenta que el terremoto la cogió en un edificio de 5 pisos, y que al momento de evacuar se torció el tobillo, y no sabe que es lo que va a pasar, ya que frente a su ciudad la planta de la JFE, viene incendiándose con el peligro de que explote.

Precisa que las autoridades han mandado, una alerta que puede haber un terremoto más fuerte, ya que las replicas se vienen dando continuamente, manteniéndoles en zozobra, con el dilema de la inseguridad permanente, pero más calmada Solange pidió tranquilidad y mandó saludos para sus familiares y a todos sus paisanos Huaralinos.

SAÚL ORIHUELA


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Educación, la mejor medicina contra la obesidad

Érase una vez un tiempo en que los pobres (e iliteratos) eran delgados y los ricos (y ¿educados?) eran obesos. Esos eran los años en que la grasa era signo de prosperidad, ya que sólo los ricos tenían poder económico (y tiempo en sus manos) para consumir calorías en exceso y para que otros hicieran los trabajos manuales por ellos.

Pensemos en las figuras (y nunca mejor dicho) de Socrates, Enrique VIII de Inglaterra, o, más cercano a nosotros, el caso de Sancho I ‘el Craso’ que perdió la confianza de sus vasallos y el trono por su extrema gordura.

Como siempre, está la excepción que confirma la regla y, en nuestro caso, la anomalía viene de la mano de la obra más destacada de la literatura española, donde la figura enjuta del (quizá demasiado) literato, Don Quijote, tiene como contrapunto la ‘panza’ del analfabeto Sancho, de alguna manera anteponiéndose cuatro siglos a la imagen de nuestra sociedad actual.

Durante las últimas décadas, un estudio tras otro ha venido a demostrar de manera irrefutable que, en los países occidentales, el nivel socioeconómico y/o de estudios son, probablemente, los factores más fuertemente asociados con el riesgo de obesidad.

Pero, en contraste con nuestra historia pasada, la obesidad se ha asentado entre las clases con menos recursos económicos y/o menos acceso a educación avanzada.

Esta realidad da al traste con el indebido optimismo de aquellos que habían visto en la actual crisis económica un paliativo de la epidemia de obesidad que nos rodea, ya que anticipaban que el tener que ‘apretarnos el cinturón’ conllevaría una disminución de la ingesta calórica.
Comer mal es más barato

Sin embargo, lo más probable es que el efecto sea justo el contrario ya que, hoy por hoy, es mucho más barato comprar (y consumir) alimentos con alto contenido calórico y bajo valor nutricional, que aquellos que son frescos y nutricionalmente más sanos y equilibrados. Eso sin contar con que, para algunos, comer en exceso representa el ’emoliente’ que nos alivia, aunque sea temporal y ficticiamente, de las preocupaciones añadidas que conlleva la actual incertidumbre económica.

Admitiendo pues que el poder adquisitivo y/o la educación están relacionados íntimamente con la obesidad, el reto con el que nos enfrentamos es cómo utilizar este conocimiento para el beneficio de la sociedad.

Para esto hemos de identificar primero la raíz del problema: ¿Es la obesidad el resultado de la falta de recursos económicos, o de la falta de una educación apropiada (incluyendo por supuesto, la educación nutricional)? Esta disyuntiva no es fácil de resolver dada la estrecha unión entre ambas. Sin embargo, la evidencia inclina la balanza hacia la importancia de la educación (o falta de la misma) como motor que nos lleva hacia el peso saludable o la obesidad.

De hecho, hemos demostrado que incluso en sujetos que están genéticamente predispuestos a la obesidad, tener una educación universitaria cancela totalmente el riesgo genético a añadir kilos en exceso. Aparte de eso, desde el punto de vista práctico, es probablemente mucho más difícil enriquecer a toda la población que educarla (aunque a largo plazo, lo segundo lleve a lo primero).

Además, es importante que esta educación se ponga en práctica en aquellos momentos en que somos más maleables, es decir durante la infancia y adolescencia. Por lo tanto, si realmente queremos prevenir la obesidad y así evitar ese futuro apocalíptico que algunos pronostican para nuestra sociedad, es esencial que se introduzcan los contenidos de Nutrición en todos los niveles: infantil, primaria y secundaria, etapas esenciales para la adquisición de hábitos saludables.

Para conseguir este objetivo es imperativo tanto educar a los futuros educadores, como incluir la enseñanza de la Nutrición en los cursos de actualización y formación permanente de los actuales profesionales de la formación.

Pero no nos olvidemos de que la responsabilidad principal sigue estando en el entorno familiar. De nuevo, las estadísticas lo han demostrado claramente. Los niños que hacen al menos una de las comidas principales de la manera tradicional, es decir ‘en familia’, tienen menos riesgo de obesidad, pero además gozan de una mejor salud física y mental y son mejores estudiantes. Esto nos hace pensar en el viejo proverbio chino: ‘regala un pescado a un hombre y le darás alimento para un día, enséñale a pescar y lo alimentaras para el resto de su vida’. Que en nuestro caso se podría traducir como ‘dale a un niño de comer y lo alimentaras un día, enséñale a comer y lo harás saludable para el resto de su vida.


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